Revised on
02/11/19 10:02am

Cal/OSHA Top Violations from 2017

Cal/OSHA recently released the top 25 most cited Cal/OSHA violations from 2017. The most cited regulation is 8 CCR 3203, which pertains to establishing, implementing and maintaining an Injury and Illness Prevention Program. The table below highlights the top-25 violations, as well as steps that can be taken to achieve compliance. The Cal/OSHA Title 8 regulations page offers a searchable database of all standards.

DSCs can email Bob Wachter at for questions or assistance implementing any of these requirements. 

Standard Description Total Violations Percent Serious Ways to Achieve Compliance with T8 CCR Standards
3203 Injury and Illness Prevention Program 2352 9.9% - Maintain a written IIPP, implement all 8 IIPP Elements, and review annually.
- Train employees initially and as required though refreshers on required safety topics                                                                                                                                               - Complete hazard assessments of tasks, activities, equipment, tools and have employees review annually
- Ensure employees know how to submit a written report on hazards and document corrective action
3395 Heat Illness Prevention 2046 14.0% - Maintain a written heat illness program.
- Train employees annually (LMS or EH&S Powerpoint).
- Provide water, shade and rest stations.
- Establish emergency plans for medical service at remote locations.
1509 Construction Injury and Illness Prevention Program 1226 5.2% - Develop an IIPP for construction projects.
3314 Clean, Repair, Service, Set-Up and Adjust Prime Movers, Machinery and Equipment 691 46.7% - Complete the written EH&S Lockout Tagout Implementation Plan.
- Train both affected and authorized employees initially trained with a 3 year refresher training
- Make Lockout Tagout devices/equipment available to employees.
- Develop written Lockout Tagout Energy Isolation procedures for equipment and  activities.
342 Reporting Work-Connected Fatalities and Serious Injuries 621 0.8% - Advise supervisors to immediately report any fatality, amputation, permanent disfigurement, or potential 24-hour hospitalization (within 8 hours of hospitalization) to the EH&S ‘on call’ personnel . 
5194 Hazard Communication 602 2.3% - All chemicals at the site listed in the CUPA system.
- Employees have access to a Safety Dataa Sheet (SDS).
- Maintain a written departmental Hazard Communication plan.
- Provide employees annual training on the Hazard Communication Standard requirements.
- Properly label all chemical containers and keep them current. 
5144 Respiratory Protection 484 7.4% - Employees requiring to wear respirators receive annual fitness testing and medical
clearance on an annual basis (from Occupational Health).
- Employees are trained to wear a respirator, including fabric-filtering face pieces.
6151 Portable Fire Extinguishers 419 0.7% - Fire extinguishers are checked annually and kept filled at all times.
- Staff notify Fire Prevention if a fire extinguisher is used.
- Employees recommended to complete fire extinguisher use training.
1512 Construction: Emergency Medical Services 371 0.8% - Keep construction areas, workplace postings, first aid and emergency medical services readily available.
5162 Emergency Eyewash and Shower Equipment 367 49.0% - Install eyewashes and showers per ANSI requirements.
- Eyewashes and showers are within a 10-second walking distance from corrosive hazards and meet flow requirements.
461 Permits to Operate Air Tanks 364 1.1% - Air tanks are permitted (> 1.5 cu. Ft. and at a pressure of  > 150 psi).                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                - Tanks >25 cu.ft. but <150 psi inspected and ASME compliant
3276 Portable Ladders 347 38.6% - Ladders are ANSI compliant.
- Ladders meet the required duty class (weight) and type of service (e.g., for electrical areas).
- Ladders are adequately maintained.
- Train employees annually on ladder selection and use.
2340.16 Work Space About Electric Equipment  326 0.6% - Maintain minimum 3-foot clearance in front of electrical panels (151-600 volt panels may require more clearance).
3650 Industrial Truck: General Requirements 316 32.0% - Meet ANSI and ASME design and operational requirements for forklifts, tractors, haulage vehicles and earthmoving equipment.
3328 Safe Practices, Personal Protection: Machinery and Equipment 284 38.4% - Install and operate machinery and equipment per manufacturer recommendations (e.g., speed, guards, inspections and maintenance, restraint from movement). 
3400 Medical Services and First Aid 212 5.7% - Medical services are readily available. At a minimum, first aid kits are available at remote locations.
- Eyewashes are placed near corrosive materials.
3668 Powered Industrial Truck Operator Training  (forklifts, tractors, earthmoving equipment) 197 8.6%

- Formal training for drivers (with hands-on) every 3 years.
- Drivers are retrained after incidents and when operating a new forklift.                                                                                                                                                                    - Operators perform pre-use inspections.                    

1670 Personal Fall Arrest Systems, Personal Fall Restraint Systems and Positioning Devices 195 66.7% - Perform a fall hazard assessment of your locations.
- Guardrails comply with Cal/OSHA requirements.
- Install fall protection systems where employees are exposed to fall hazards.
- Train employees on fall protection and how to wear a harness.
5189 Process Safety Management of Acutely Hazardous Materials 189 12.2% Not applicable at UC Davis
3421 Tree Work, Maintenance or Removal 178 16.3% - Qualified tree workers are trained on recognizing hazards, working around electrical lines, hearing protection, etc.
- Train employees on safe use of a wood chipper, plus first aid and CPR.
- Conduct a job briefing before each assigned task.
2500.8 Flexible Electrical Cords and Cables: uses not allowed 169 1.2% - Use fixed wiring through holes in walls, ceilings, or floors; through doorways,
windows or similar openings; on building surfaces; behind building walls, ceilings, or floors; or installed in raceways (unless otherwise approved).
4650 Compressed Gas and Air Cylinders: Storage, Handling, and Use 169 32.5% - Meet storage, compatibility, handling, valve protection, and transport requirements.
3577 Use, Care, and Protection of Abrasive Wheels: Protection Devices 166 68.7% - Use ANSI-approved, abrasive wheel machine guards and hoods.
3380 Personal Protective Devices 165 16.4% - Maintain a PPE Hazard Assessment on file.
- Train employees on PPE requirements by task/activity, including proper fit. 
1644 Metal Scaffolds 153 62.7% - Use metal scaffolds that meet regulatory design and operational regulatory requirements.