Cal/OSHA recently released the top 25 most cited Cal/OSHA violations from 2017. The most cited regulation is 8 CCR 3203, which pertains to establishing, implementing and maintaining an Injury and Illness Prevention Program. The table below highlights the top-25 violations, as well as steps that can be taken to achieve compliance. The Cal/OSHA Title 8 regulations page offers a searchable database of all standards.
DSCs can email Bob Wachter at email@example.com for questions or assistance implementing any of these requirements.
|Standard||Description||Total Violations||Percent Serious||Ways to Achieve Compliance with T8 CCR Standards|
|3203||Injury and Illness Prevention Program||2352||9.9%||- Maintain a written IIPP, implement all 8 IIPP Elements, and review annually.
- Train employees initially and as required though refreshers on required safety topics - Complete hazard assessments of tasks, activities, equipment, tools and have employees review annually
- Ensure employees know how to submit a written report on hazards and document corrective action
|3395||Heat Illness Prevention||2046||14.0%||- Maintain a written heat illness program.
- Train employees annually (LMS or EH&S Powerpoint).
- Provide water, shade and rest stations.
- Establish emergency plans for medical service at remote locations.
|1509||Construction Injury and Illness Prevention Program||1226||5.2%||- Develop an IIPP for construction projects.|
|3314||Clean, Repair, Service, Set-Up and Adjust Prime Movers, Machinery and Equipment||691||46.7%||- Complete the written EH&S Lockout Tagout Implementation Plan.
- Train both affected and authorized employees initially trained with a 3 year refresher training
- Make Lockout Tagout devices/equipment available to employees.
- Develop written Lockout Tagout Energy Isolation procedures for equipment and activities.
|342||Reporting Work-Connected Fatalities and Serious Injuries||621||0.8%||- Advise supervisors to immediately report any fatality, amputation, permanent disfigurement, or potential 24-hour hospitalization (within 8 hours of hospitalization) to the EH&S ‘on call’ personnel .|
|5194||Hazard Communication||602||2.3%||- All chemicals at the site listed in the CUPA system.
- Employees have access to a Safety Dataa Sheet (SDS).
- Maintain a written departmental Hazard Communication plan.
- Provide employees annual training on the Hazard Communication Standard requirements.
- Properly label all chemical containers and keep them current.
|5144||Respiratory Protection||484||7.4%||- Employees requiring to wear respirators receive annual fitness testing and medical
clearance on an annual basis (from Occupational Health).
- Employees are trained to wear a respirator, including fabric-filtering face pieces.
|6151||Portable Fire Extinguishers||419||0.7%||- Fire extinguishers are checked annually and kept filled at all times.
- Staff notify Fire Prevention if a fire extinguisher is used.
- Employees recommended to complete fire extinguisher use training.
|1512||Construction: Emergency Medical Services||371||0.8%||- Keep construction areas, workplace postings, first aid and emergency medical services readily available.|
|5162||Emergency Eyewash and Shower Equipment||367||49.0%||- Install eyewashes and showers per ANSI requirements.
- Eyewashes and showers are within a 10-second walking distance from corrosive hazards and meet flow requirements.
|461||Permits to Operate Air Tanks||364||1.1%||- Air tanks are permitted (> 1.5 cu. Ft. and at a pressure of > 150 psi). - Tanks >25 cu.ft. but <150 psi inspected and ASME compliant|
|3276||Portable Ladders||347||38.6%||- Ladders are ANSI compliant.
- Ladders meet the required duty class (weight) and type of service (e.g., for electrical areas).
- Ladders are adequately maintained.
- Train employees annually on ladder selection and use.
|2340.16||Work Space About Electric Equipment||326||0.6%||- Maintain minimum 3-foot clearance in front of electrical panels (151-600 volt panels may require more clearance).|
|3650||Industrial Truck: General Requirements||316||32.0%||- Meet ANSI and ASME design and operational requirements for forklifts, tractors, haulage vehicles and earthmoving equipment.|
|3328||Safe Practices, Personal Protection: Machinery and Equipment||284||38.4%||- Install and operate machinery and equipment per manufacturer recommendations (e.g., speed, guards, inspections and maintenance, restraint from movement).|
|3400||Medical Services and First Aid||212||5.7%||- Medical services are readily available. At a minimum, first aid kits are available at remote locations.
- Eyewashes are placed near corrosive materials.
|3668||Powered Industrial Truck Operator Training (forklifts, tractors, earthmoving equipment)||197||8.6%||
- Formal training for drivers (with hands-on) every 3 years.
|1670||Personal Fall Arrest Systems, Personal Fall Restraint Systems and Positioning Devices||195||66.7%||- Perform a fall hazard assessment of your locations.
- Guardrails comply with Cal/OSHA requirements.
- Install fall protection systems where employees are exposed to fall hazards.
- Train employees on fall protection and how to wear a harness.
|5189||Process Safety Management of Acutely Hazardous Materials||189||12.2%||Not applicable at UC Davis|
|3421||Tree Work, Maintenance or Removal||178||16.3%||- Qualified tree workers are trained on recognizing hazards, working around electrical lines, hearing protection, etc.
- Train employees on safe use of a wood chipper, plus first aid and CPR.
- Conduct a job briefing before each assigned task.
|2500.8||Flexible Electrical Cords and Cables: uses not allowed||169||1.2%||- Use fixed wiring through holes in walls, ceilings, or floors; through doorways,
windows or similar openings; on building surfaces; behind building walls, ceilings, or floors; or installed in raceways (unless otherwise approved).
|4650||Compressed Gas and Air Cylinders: Storage, Handling, and Use||169||32.5%||- Meet storage, compatibility, handling, valve protection, and transport requirements.|
|3577||Use, Care, and Protection of Abrasive Wheels: Protection Devices||166||68.7%||- Use ANSI-approved, abrasive wheel machine guards and hoods.|
|3380||Personal Protective Devices||165||16.4%||- Maintain a PPE Hazard Assessment on file.
- Train employees on PPE requirements by task/activity, including proper fit.
|1644||Metal Scaffolds||153||62.7%||- Use metal scaffolds that meet regulatory design and operational regulatory requirements.|