Revised on
07/28/17 03:53pm

List of Formularies

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Rabbit Formulary

 

  DOSE ROUTE FREQUENCY REFERENCE NOTES
           
PREMEDICATION          
Glycopyrolate 0.01-0.2 mg/kg IV, SC   7, 17  
  0.1 mg/kg IM   17  
Acepromazine 0.5-1 mg/kg SC, IM   17  
Diazepam 1-2 mg/kg IM, IV   17  
Midazolam 0.5-1 mg/kg IM   7  
           
ANESTHETICS          
Ketamine/Acepromazine 50-75/1-5 mg/kg IM   4  
Ketamine/Xylazine 35/5 mg/kg IM, SC   4, 17  
Ketamine/Midazolam 5-30/0.2-2 mg/kg IM, SC   4, 7  
Ketamine/Diazepam 10/2 mg/kg IV   4  
Propofol 1.5-15 mg/kg IV   4, 2  
Isoflurane To effect Inhalation      
           
OPIOIDS          
Morphine 2-5 mg/kg SC, IM q. 2-4 hrs 2, 4  
Buprenorphine 0.01-0.05  SC, IM, IV q. 6-12 hrs 2, 4, 7, 17  
Butorphanol 0.1-0.5 mg/kg SC, IM, IV q. 4 hrs 2, 4, 7, 17  
           
NON-OPIOIDS          
Flunixin 1.1 mg/kg SC, IM q. 12 hrs  2, 4, 17  
Ibuprofen 10-20 mg/kg IV q. 4 hrs  4  
  2-7.5 mg/kg PO q. 12-24 hrs 7  
Ketoprofen 1-3 mg/kg IM q. 12-24 hrs 4, 7, 17  
Carprofen 1-5 mg/kg SC q. 24 hrs 7, 17  
  1.5 mg/kg PO q. 12 hrs 4, 17  
Meloxicam 0.3-0.6 mg/kg SC, PO  q. 12-24 hrs 2, 7, 17  
           
ANESTHETIC ANTAGONIST          
Naloxone 0.01-0.1 mg/kg SC, IM, IV, IP   4, 17 Reverses opioids
Nalbuphine 1 mg/kg IP, SC      
  1-2 mg/kg IV q. 4-5 hrs    
Yohimbine 0.2 mg/kg IV   4 Reverses xylazine
Atipamezole 0.2 mg/kg IV   4 Reverses dexmedetomidine
  1 mg/kg SC, IV, IM   4, 17 Reverses dexmedetomidine

Dog Formulary

  DOSE ROUTE FREQUENCY REFERENCE NOTES
           
PREMEDICATION          
Atropine 0.02-0.04 mg/kg SC, IM, IV   3, 5  
Glycopyrolate 0.011 mg/kg IM, SC, IV   3  
Acepromazine 0.03-0.125 mg/kg SC, IM, IV max of 3 mg 3 As an adjunct to anesthesia
Diazepam 0.3-0.5 mg/kg IV   5 Immediately prior to ketamine
           
ANESTHETICS          
Ketamine/Diazepam 10/0.5 mg/kg IV   5 Induction and chemical restraint
Telazol 6.6-13.2 mg/kg IM   3  
Propofol 5.5 mg/kg IV slowly   3 <5 sec administration → apnea
Thiopental 13.2-26.4 mg/kg IV   3 Dose depends on desired duration
Isoflurane To effect Inhalation      
           
OPIOIDS          
Morphine 0.5-2 mg/kg SC, IM q. 4-6 hrs 3  
Fentanyl patch see reference for size Transdermal   3 Apply 12-24 hours before surgery
Methadone 0.5 mg/kg IV, IM, SC q. 6-8 hrs 3  
Buprenorphine 0.005-0.03 mg/kg SC, IM, IV q. 6-12hrs 3  
Butorphanol 0.1-0.5 mg/kg SC, IM, IV q. 2-4 hrs 3 Analgesia lasts less than 1 hr
Oxymorphone 0.05-0.2 mg/kg  SC, IM, IV q. 1-6 hrs 3  
           
NON-OPIOIDS          
Dexmedetomidine 2.5-5 ug/kg IM   6  
Carprofen 4.4 mg/kg PO, SC q. 24hrs 3  
Meloxicam 0.2 mg/kg on day 1 PO, IV, SC q. 24hrs 3  
  0.1 mg/kg on day 2 PO, IV, SC q. 24 hrs 3  
           
ANESTHETIC ANTAGONIST          
Naloxone 0.01-0.04 mg/kg SC, IM, IV   3 Reverses opioids
Yohimbine 0.11 mg/kg IV   3 Reverses xylazine
Atipamezole 0.25 mg/kg IV, IM   3, 5 Reverses dexmedetomidine

 

Cat Formulary

  DOSE ROUTE FREQUENCY REFERENCE NOTES
           
PRE-ANESTHETIC          
Butorphanol 0.2-0.4 mg/kg IM, SC   3 Dose dependent on other agents being administered, consult reference for details 
Acepromazine 0.05-0.1 mg/kg IM, SC   3  
           
INDUCTION          
Propofol 6-8 mg/kg IV   3 Dosed to effect
           
ANESTHESIA          
Dexmedetomidine/Ketamine/Butorphanol 0.035-0.065 mL/kg     3 Mix 1mg of 0.5 mg/ml dexmedetomidine, 1 ml of 100 mg/ml ketamine and 1 ml 10 mg/ml butorphanol,consult reference for details
Reverse with Atipamazole - use same volume of dexmedetomodine IM
Isoflorane 5% induction Inhalation   19  
  1.5-2.5% maintenance Inhalation   19  
           
ANALGESIA          
Buprenorphone (Simbadol) 0.24 mg/kg SC SID 3  
Buprenorphine 0.01-0.03 mg/kg IM, IV, oral transmucosal BID-TID 3  
Butorphanol 0.1-0.5 mg/kg IM, SC, IV 4-5x day 3  
Carprofen 4 mg/kg SC or IV Once 3  
Meloxicam 0.3 mg/kg  SC Once 3  
  0.2 mg/kg on day 1 SC, PO 1st day 3  
  0.05 mg/kg day 2 PO SID 3  

 

Guinea Pig Formulary

  DOSE ROUTE FREQUENCY REFERENCE NOTES
           
PREMEDICATION          
Atropine 0.05-0.2 mg/kg SC, IM, IV   7  
Glycopyrolate 0.01-0.02 mg/kg SC   7  
Acepromazine 0.5-1 mg/kg IM   7 As an adjunct to anesthesia
Diazepam 0.5-3 mg/kg IM, IV   7 As an adjunct to anesthesia
Midazolam 1-2 mg/kg SC, IM, IV   7  
           
ANESTHETICS          
Ketamine 20-40 mg/kg IM   8  

Ketamine/Xylazine

87/13mg/kg

IM

 

2

Useful for longer procedures

  30/5 mg/kg SC, IP   2  
Ketamine/Medetomidine 40/0.5 mg/kg IM, IP   8  
Telazol 50-100 mg/kg IM   2 Ineffective analgesia
Telazol/Xylazine/Butroph 60/5/0.1 mg/kg IP   2  
Fentanyl/Droperidol 0.22-0.088 mL/kg IM   8  
Fentanyl/Fluanisone 0.5-1 mL/kg IM   8 given 20 minutes after diazepam
Isoflurane, Halothane To effect Inhalation      
           
OPIOIDS          
Morphine 2-5 mg/kg SC, IM q. 4 hrs 7  
Meperidine 10-20 mg/kg SC, IM q. 2-3 hrs 7  
Buprenorphine 0.05 mg/kg  SC q. 8-12 hrs 7  
Butorphanol 1-2 mg/kg SC q. 4 hrs 7  
Oxymorphone 0.2-0.5 mg/kg SC   7  
           
NON-OPIOIDS          
Aspirin 86 mg/kg PO q. 4 hrs (?) 7 ototoxic@50mg/kg
Xylazine 2-10 mg/kg SC, IP   7 Cause sedation, may cause muscle necrosis IM
Medetomidine 0.3-0.5 mg/kg SC   7 Cause sedation
Carprofen 4 mg/kg SC 12-24 hrs 7  
Flunixin meglumine 2.5 mg/kg SC   7  
Ketoprofen 1 mg/kg SC 12-24 hrs 7  
Meloxicam 0.1-0.3 mg/kg SC, PO 24 hrs 7  
           
ANESTHETIC ANTAGONIST          
Naloxone 0.01-0.1 mg/kg IP, IV   15 Reverses opioids
Yohimbine 0.1-0.15 mg/kg IV   7 Reverses xylazine
Atipamezole 1 mg/kg IV   7

Reverses medetomidine

Rat Formulary

  DOSE ROUTE FREQUENCY REFERENCE NOTES
           
PREMEDICATION          
Atropine 0.05-0.4 mg/kg SC, IM   8 Some rats possess serum atropinesterase
Glycopyrolate 0.01-0.02 mg/kg SC, IM   8, 4  
Acepromazine 0.5-1 mg/kg IM   8  
           
ANESTHETICS          
Ketamine 22 mg/kg IM   8 For light sedation
  25-40 mg/kg IM   8 For heavy sedation
  100 mg/kg IM   4 For immobilization
  50-100 mg/kg SC, IP   SC, IP  
Ketamine/Acepromazine 75/2.5 mg/kg IM   4  
Ketamine/Xylazine 75-95/5 mg/kg IM, IP   8  
  50/5 mg/kg SC, IP   1  
Ketamine/Medetomidine 75/0.5 mg/kg IP   4 Not for major surgical procedure
Telazol 20-40 mg/kg IM   8  
  40-80 mg/kg IM   8  
Pentobarbital 30-45 mg/kg IP   8, 4  
Propofol 7.5-10 mg/kg IV   8, 4  
Isoflurane To effect Inhalation      
           
OPIOIDS          
Buprenorphine 0.02-0.05 mg/kg (0.01-0.05 mg/kg per 3rd ed)  SC, IV, IP q. 6-12 hrs 8  
Butorphanol 0.2-2 mg/kg SC, IM, IP q. 2-4 hrs 8  
Morphine 2-5 mg/kg SC, IM, IP q. 4 hrs 8  
Oxymorphine 0.2-0.5 mg/kg SC, IM q. 6-12 hrs 8  
Tramadol 5 mg/kg IM   8  
  5-20 mg/kg PO, SC q. 12-24 hrs 8  
           
NON-OPIOIDS          
Carprofen 1.5-5 mg/kg SC, PO q. 12-24 hrs 8  
Ketoprofen 5 mg/kg SC, IM, PO SID 8  
Meloxicam 1-2 mg/kg SC, PO q. 24 hrs 8  
Flunixin 1.1-2.5 mg/kg SC, IM q. 12 hrs    
           
ANESTHETIC ANTAGONIST          
Naloxone 0.01-0.1 mg/kg SC, IP, IV   4, 8  
  2.1 mg/kg  IP   4  
Yohimbine 0.5-1 mg/kg IV   8  
Atipamezole 1 mg/kg SC   8, 4
  1-2.5 mg/kg IP   8

 

Mouse Formulary

  DOSE ROUTE FREQUENCY REFERENCE NOTES
           
ANESTHETICS          
Isoflorane 2-3% (induction) Inhalation As needed 3  
  0.25-2% (maintenance) Inhalation As needed 3  
Ketamine/Xylazine/Acepromaine 80-100(K) + 5-10(X) + 3(A) mg/kg in the same syringe IP As needed 14  
Ketamine/Xylazine 100(K) + 5-15(X) IP As needed 3  
Pentobarbital 30-80 mg/kg IP As needed 3  
           
ANALGESIA          
Buprenorphine 0.05-0.1 mg/kg SC q. 12 hrs 3  
Carprofen 5 mg/kg SC q. 12-24 hrs 3  

Meloxicam

1-10 mg/kg

IP

q. 12-24 hrs

2

  1-2 mg/kg PO, SC   8
         

 

Hamster Formulary

  DOSE ROUTE FREQUENCY REFERENCE NOTES
           
PREMEDICATION          
Atropine 0.1-0.4 mg/kg SQ, IM   8  
Glycopyrolate 0.01-0.02 mg/kg SC   8  
Acepromazine 0.5-1 mg/kg IM   8  
Diazepam 1-5 mg/kg IM   8  
Midazolam 1-2 mg/kg IM   8  
           
ANESTHETICS          
Ketamine 20-40 mg/kg IM   8 Light sedation, heavy sedation at higher doses with marked individual variation
Ketamine/Xylazine 80/5 mg/kg SC, IP, IM   8  
Telazol/Xylazine 30/10 mg/kg IP, IM   8  
Pentobarbital 50-90 mg/kg IP   8  
Isoflurane To effect Inhalation      
Medetomidine 0.1 mg/kg SC   8  
           
OPIOIDS          
Morphine 2-5 mg/kg SC, IM q. 2-4 hr 8  
Buprenorphine 0.5 mg/kg  SC q. 8 hrs 8  
Oxymorphone 0.2-0.5 mg/kg SC, IM q. 6-12 hrs 8  
Butorphanol 1-5 mg/kg SC q. 4 hrs 8  
           
NON-OPIOIDS          
Carprofen 5 mg/kg SC q. 24 hrs 8  
Ketoprofen 5 mg/kg SC, IM, PO q. 24 hrs 8  
Meloxicam 1-2 mg/kg SC, PO q. 12 hrs 8  
Flunixin 2.5 mg/kg SC q. 12-24 hrs

8

         
ANESTHETIC ANTAGONIST        
Naloxone 0.01-0.1 mg/kg SC, IP   8 Reverses Opioids
Yohimbine 0.5-1 mg/kg IV   8 Reverses Xylazine
Atipamezolx 1 mg/kg SC   8 Reverses Medetomidine
         

Gerbil Formulary

  DOSE ROUTE FREQUENCY REFERENCE NOTES
           
PREMEDICATION          
Atropine 0.1-0.4 mg/kg SC, IM   8  
Glycopyrolate 0.01-0.02 mg/kg SC   8  
Acepromazine 0.5-1.0 mg/kg SC, IM, IV   8 As an adjunct to anesthesia, may precipitate seizures
Diazepam 1-5 mg/kg IM   8 As an adjunct to anesthesia
Midazolam 1-2 mg/kg IM   8  
           
ANESTHETICS          
Ketamine 40-60 mg/kg IM   8 Best given with a sedative
Ketamine/Xylazine 50/2 mg/kg IP   8  
Ketamine/Medetomidine 75/0.5 IM, IP   8  
Ketamine/Xylazine/Acepromazine 50/2/0.5 SC, IP   8  
Telazol 60 mg/kg SC, IP   2  
Telazol/Xylazine 20/10 mg/kg IP   8  
Pentobarbital 50-90 mg/kg IP   8 Dilute 1:10 in sterile water
Propofol 3-5 mg IV   8 In prairie dogs
Avertin 250-300 mg/kg IP   8 1.25% solution: must be made fresh at each use
Isoflurane, Halothane To effect Inhalation   8  
           
OPIOIDS          
Morphine 2-5 mg/kg SC, IM q. 2-4 hr 8  
Buprenorphine 0.1-0.2 mg/kg  SC, IV, IP q. 6-12 hrs 8  
Oxymorphone 0.2-0.5 mg/kg SC, IM q. 6-12 hrs 8  
Butorphanol 0.1-0.2 mg/kg SC q. 6-12 hrs 8  
           
NON-OPIOIDS          
Aspirin 120 mg/kg PO q. 4 hrs 8  
Carprofen 5 mg/kg SC q. 24 hrs 8  
Ketoprofen 5 mg/kg SC, IM, PO q. 24 hrs 8  
Meloxicam 0.5-2 mg/kg SC, PO q. 24 hrs 8  
Flunixin 2.5 mg/kg SC q. 12-24 hrs 8  
Acetaminophen 300 mg/kg PO q. 4 hrs 8  
Medetomidine 0.1-0.2 mg/kg SC   2, 8  
           
ANESTHETIC ANTAGONIST          
Naloxone 0.01-0.1 mg/kg SC, IP   8 Reverses opioids
Yohimbine 0.5-1 mg/kg IV   8 Reverses xylazine
Atipamezole 1 mg/kg SC   8 Reverses medetomidine

 

Reptile Formulary

  DOSE ROUTE FREQUENCY REFERENCE NOTES
           
ANESTHETICS          
Ketamine 10-60 mg/kg IM, IV   2, 8 Most species
Pentobarbital 22-30 mg/kg IM   38 Lizards
  15-30 mg/kg IC   8 Snakes
  10-18 mg/kg IC   8 Chelonians
Telazol 2-10 mg/kg IM, IV, SC   2, 8 Lizards
Isoflurane To effect Inhalation     May be prolonged due to breath holding
           
OPIOIDS          
Buprenorphine 0.005-1 mg/kg  IM q. 4-6 hrs 8 Most species
Butorphanol 0.2-2 mg/kg IM, IV, SC q. 12-24 hrs 2, 8 Most species
           
NON-OPIODS          
Carprofen 1-4 mg/kg SC, IM, PO, IV q. 24 hrs 2, 8  
Flunixin 0.5-2 mg/kg IM q. 12-24 hrs 2, 8 se maximum of 3 days
Ketoprofen 2 mg/kg SC, IM q. 24 hrs 39  
Meloxicam 0.1-0.2 mg/kg PO q. 24 hrs 39  

 

Amphibian Formulary

  DOSE ROUTE FREQUENCY REFERENCE NOTES
           
ANESTHETICS          
MS-222 1-3 g/L Immersion   8 No analgesic properties after recovery
Pentobarbital 40-50 mg/kg Intracelomic   8  
Ketamine 50-150 mg/kg SQ, IM   8 No analgesic properties after recovery
Isoflurane 0.025-0.035 ml/g Topical   8 Mixed by combining 3 ml isoflurane with 1.5 ml of sterile water and 3.5 ml of KY Jelly
Eugenol 350 ul/L Immersion   20 Xenopus laevis-immersion differences based on size of animal
           
OPIOIDS          
Morphine 38-42 mg  SQ   8  
Butorphanol 0.2-0.4 mg/kg IM q. 8-12 hrs 8  
Buprenorphine 38 mg/kg Dorsal lymph sac q. 4-6 hrs 8  
           
NON-OPIOIDS          
Benzocaine 50 mg/L (larvae) Immersion   8 Dissolve in ethanol first
  200-300 mg/L Bath to effect   8 Frogs, salamanders/dissolve in ethanol first
Dexmedetomidine 40-120 mg/kg SQ   8  

 

Fish Formulary

  DOSE ROUTE FREQUENCY REFERENCE NOTES
           
ANESTHETICS          
Ketamine 66-88 mg/kg IM   8, 18 Immobilization for short procedures; complete recovery can take > 1 hr
MS-222 25-100 mg/L Immersion   2 Buffer with sodium bicarbonate to a pH 7.0-7.5
  140-164 mg/L Immersion   14 Surgical plane for adult zebrafish
Propofol 3.5-7.5 mg/kg IV   2 Can cause respiratory depression and bradycardia
Lidocaine HCl 325 mg/L Immersion   14 Aduilt zebrafish
Eugenol (Clove oil, Aqui-S 20e) 2-5 ppm Immersion   14 Adult zebrafish
  60-100 ppm     14 Adult zebrafish surgical plane
           
OPIOIDS          
Morphine 5 mg/kg IM   2  
Butorphanol 0.1-0.4 mg/kg IM SID 1  
           
NON-OPIOIDS          
Carprofen 2-4 mg/kg IM q. 72-96 hrs 1  
Flunixin 0.25-0.5 mg/kg IM q. 72-96 hrs 1  
Ketoprofen 2 mg/kg IM   1  
Meloxicam 0.1-0.2 mg/kg IM q. 24-48 hrs 1

 

Chicken Formulary

  DOSE ROUTE FREQUENCY REFERENCE NOTES
           
PREMEDICATION          
Atropine 0.01-0.02 mg/kg SC, IV, IM   8 Preanesthetic dose
  0.04-.01 mg/kg SC, IM, IV, IO, IT   8 Bradycardia dose
Glycopyrolate 0.01-0.02 mg/kg IM, IV   8 For "most species" of birds, not specifically chickens
Acepromazine 0.25-0.5 mg/kg IM   8 Rarely used in birds (except ratites)
           
ANESTHETICS          
Ketamine 20-50 mg/kg SC, IM, IV   10  
Ketamine/Diazepam 25/1-2 mg/kg IM   10  
  75 mg/kg Ketamine IV and 2.5 mg/kg diazepam  IM   8 Give diazepam 10 min after Ketamine
Ketamine/Midazolam 25/0.2 mg/kg IM   10  
Ketamine/Xylazine 4.4/2.2 mg/kg IV   10  
Telazol 5-10 mg/kg IM   10  
Propofol 4.5-9.7 mg/kg IV   2  
Isoflurane To effect Inhalation      
           
OPIOIDS          
Buprenorphine 0.05-1 mg/kg IA   8 No effect on pain behavior in chickens
  0.01-0.05 mg/kg IM   11  
Butorphanol 0.5-4 mg/kg IM, IV q. 1-4 hrs 8 For "most species" of birds, not specifically chickens
Butorphanol/Midazolam 1/1 mg/kg     8 Adequate sedation for lateral recumbency
           
NON-OPIOIDS          
Xylazine 1-2.2 mg/kg IM, IV   8 Raptor/psittacine dose
Flunixin 1-10 mg/kg IM, IV SID 10, 11  
  3 mg/kg IM   8 Chicken-arthritis behaviors reduced 1 hr after treatment 
Carprofen 2-4 mg/kg PO, SC BID 1  
  1 mg/kg SC   8 Chickens-improved locomotion for at least 90 min post-injection
  30 mg/kg IM, IV   8 Chicken-arthritis painful behaviors reduced 1 hr post-treatment only with this high dose
  40 mg/kg BW in feed In feed   8 Chickens-dosage required to reach similar mammalian therapeutic plasma concentrations
Meloxicam 0.5 mg/kg IV   8  
  0.1-0.2 mg/kg PO, IM SID 8 Raptor/psittacine dose 
Ketoprofen 5-10 mg/kg IM   10  
  12 mg/kg IM   8 Chickens-reduced arthritic pain behvaiors for 12 hr
           
ANESTHETIC ANTAGONIST          
Naloxone 2 mg/kg IV q. 14-21 hrs 8, 11 For "most species" of birds, not specifically chickens
Yohimbine 0.1 mg/kg IM   10  
  0.1-1 mg/kg     8 For "most species" of birds, not specifically chickens
Atipamezole 250-380 ug/kg IM   10  
  1.3-1.6 mg/kg IV   8  

 

Swine Formulary

  DOSE ROUTE FREQUENCY REFERENCE NOTES
           
PREMEDICATION          
Atropine 0.05 mg/kg IM, SC   9  
  0.02 mg/kg IV   9  
Glycopyrolate 0.004-0.01 mg/kg IM, SC   9  
Acepromazine 0.11-1.1 mg/kg SC, IM, IV   2 Used as an adjunct to anesthesia
  1.1-2.2 mg/kg SC, IM, IV   9  
           
ANESTHETICS          
Ketamine 11-33 mg/kg IM   9 Not typically given as a sole agent in swine
  3-33 mg/kg/h IV Infusion   9  
Ketamine/Xylazine 20/2 mg/kg IM, SC   9  
Ketamine/Diazepam 15-20/2 mg/kg IM, SC   9  
Ketamine/Midazolam 33 mg/kg/500 ug/kg IM, SC   9  
  33/1.5 mg/kg/h IV Infusion   9  
Ketamine/Acepromazine 33/1.1 mg/kg IM, SC   9  
Ketamine/Dexmedetomidine 10/0.2 mg/kg IM   9  
Telazol 2-8.8 mg/kg IM   9  
Telazol/Xylazine 4.4/2.2 mg/kg IM   9

Reconstitute telazole with 2.5 ml xylazine (100 mg/ml) + 2.5 ml sterlie saline; administer at 2.2 mg/kg IM based on 50 mg/ml

*Note: the reconstitution directions above do not appear in Swindle 3rd edition

Telazol/Dexemedetomidine 4.4/0.04 mg/kg IM   9  
Telazol/Ketamine/Xylazine 4.4/2.2/2.2 mg/kg IM   9  
Propofol 0.82-1.66 mg/kg IV   2, 9 Used for induction and followed by incremental IV boluses
  4-20 mg/kg IV   9  
  12-20 mg/kg/h IV infusion   9  
Etomidate 4-8 mg/kg IV   9 Used for induction, or in combination with ketamine for CRI anesthesia
Isoflurane To effect Inhalation      
           
OPIOIDS          
Morphine 2.2 mg/kg SC/IM q. 4 hrs 9 Up to 20 mg total dose. Can cause excitement. Has a short half-life
Buprenorphine 0.01-0.05 mg/kg  IM, SC BID/TID 2, 9  
  0.005-0.01 mg/kg IM, SC BID/TID 4  
Butorphanol 0.1-0.3 mg/kg IM, SC q. 4-6 hrs 2  
  0.1-0.3 mg/kg IM, SC BID/TID 9  
Oxymorphone 0.15 mg/kg IM, SC q. 4 hrs (IM), BID/TID 2  
Fentanyl transdermal patches  5 ug/kg/h (highly variable) Topical   9  
Tramadol 1-4 mg/kg PO TID 9  
           
NON-OPIOIDS          
Aspirin 10-20 mg/kg PO q. 4 hrs 2  
  10-20 mg/kg PO QID 9  
Flunixin 1-4 mg/kg SC/IM q. 12-24 hrs 2, 9  
Phenylbutazone 10-20 mg/kg PO BID 2  
  5-20 mg/kg PO BID 9  
Carprofen 2-4 mg/kg PO, SC SID (SC), BID (PO) 9  
Meloxicam 0.1-0.4 mg/kg SC SID 2, 9  
Banamine-S          
Ketoprofen 1-3 mg/kg IM, SC, PO BID 9  
Ketorolac 1mg/kg IM, SC, PO BID 9  
           
LOCAL ANESTHETICS          
Morphine 0.1 mg/kg Epidural   9 Lumbosacral
Lidocaine 4.5 mg/kg     9  
           
ANESTHETIC ANTAGONIST          
Naloxone 0.5-2 mg/kg IV   2, 9 Reverses opioids
  0.005-0.02 mg/kg IV, IM, SC   9  
Nalbuphine 1-2 mg/kg IV, IM   9 Partial reversal of opioids
Yohimbine 1 mg/kg IV   9 Reverses xylazine
Atipamezole 1 mg/kg IM, SC   9 Reverses alpha-2 agonists
  0.24 mg/kg IV   9  

 

Primate Formulary

  DOSE ROUTE FREQUENCY REFERENCE NOTES
           
PREMEDICATION          
Atropine 0.04 mg/kg IM Once prior to inhalant anesthesia 13  
           
ANESTHESIA          
Ketamine 5-30 mg/kg IM   13  
Dexmedetomidine 0.0075-0.15 mg/kg IM   13 Reverse with Atipamazole at volume equal to that of dexmedetomidine administered
Isoflurane 0.5-3% Inhalation   13  
           
ANALGESIA          
Oxymorphone 0.15 mg/kg IM TID 13  
Buprenorphine 0.01-0.03 IM BID-TID 13  
Ketoprofen 1-2 mg/kg IM SID 13  

 

Small Ruminants

  DOSE ROUTE FREQUENCY REFERENCE NOTES
           
PREMEDICATION          
Acepromazine 0.05-0.1 mg/kg IM   3, 12 As an adjunct to anesthesia
Diazepam 0.2-0.5 mg/kg IV (slow)   12 As an adjunct to anesthesia
  0.2-1 mg/kg IM, SC   12  
           
ANESTHETICS          
Ketamine 2-4 mg/kg IV   12 Sheep/goat
  22 mg/kg SC, IM   12 Sheep/goat
  11 mg/kg SC, IM   12 Goat
Telazol 2-6 mg/kg IM   12  
  1-4 mg/kg (5.5 mg/kg anesthesia for 100 min) IV   12  
Propofol 2-8 mg/kg (induction) IV to effect 12 Sheep/goat
  0.3-0.6 mg/kg/hour (maintenance) IV   12  Sheep/goat
  3-5 mg/kg  IV to effect 12 Goat
Isoflurane To effect Inhalation      
           
OPIOIDS          
Morphine 0.1-0.5 mg/kg IM q. 4 hrs 12  
  0.5-1 mg/kg IV q. 12 hrs 12  
  0.05-1 mg/kg epidural Epidural 24 hours duration 12  
Buprenorphine 0.005-0.001 mg/kg  SQ q. 6 hrs 12  
  0.005 - 0.01 mg/kg IM, IV q. 8-12 hrs 12  
Butorphanol 0.5 mg/kg SC q. 6 hrs 12  
  0.05-0.5 mg/kg IV, IM q. 2-4 hrs 12  
           
NON-OPIOIDS          
Xylazine 0.05-0.1 mg/kg IM, IV   3, 12 Use with extreme caution!
           
NSAID'S          
Flunixin meglumine 1-2.2 mg/kg IV, IM q. 24 hrs  3, 12  
  1-4 mg/kg PO q. 24 hrs 3, 12  
  1-2.5 mg/kg SC q. 12 hrs  12  
Meloxicam 0.5 mg/kg IV q. 12 hrs 3 Sheep
  0.5 mg/kg  IV q. 8 hrs 3 Goats
  2 mg/kg first day, taper to 1 mg/kg PO q. 24 hr 3 Sheep
  0.5 mg/kg PO, IM q. 24 hr 3 Goats
           
LOCAL ANESTHETICS          
Lidocaine 0.05 mg/kg Infiltration   12  
  1 mL of 2%/50kg Epidural   12  
  0.22-4 mg/kg Epidural   12  
  1 mg/kg Intrapleural   12  
Bupivacaine 0.05 mg/kg Tissue inflitration, epidural   12  
  1 mg/kg% Intrapleural   12  
           
ANESTHETIC ANTAGONIST          
Naloxone 0.01-0.02 mg/kg IV to effect 12 Reverses opioids
Yohimbine 0.125-0.3 mg/kg IV   12 Reverses xylazine
  0.3-0.5 mg/kg IM   12  

 

Horse Formulary

  DOSE ROUTE FREQUENCY REFERENCE NOTES
           
PRE-MEDICATION          
Atropine 0.01-0.02 mg/kg IV Once prior to inhalant anesthesia 3  
           
SEDATION/CHEMICAL RESISTANT          
Xylazine 1.1 mg/kg IV   3  
  2.2 mg/kg IM   3  
Detomidine 0.02-0.04 mg/kg IV, IM   3  
           
OPIOIDS          
Oxymorphone 0.01-0.03 mg/kg IV, IM   3  
Buprenorphine 0.01 mg/kg IV   3  
           
NON-OPIOIDS          
Flunixin meglumine 1.1 mg/kg  IV, IM, PO SID 3 Up to 5 days maximum
Phenylbutazone 1-2 gm/454 kg IV, IM, PO SID 3 Up to 5 days maximum, do not exceed 4 gm/day
  4.4 mg/kg first dose, then 2.2 mg/kg  PO BID 3  

 

Ferret Formulary 

  DOSE ROUTE FREQUENCY REFERENCE NOTES
           
PRE-MEDICATION          
Atropine 0.04-0.05 mg/kg SC, IM, IV   4, 8   
Glycopyrolate 0.01 mg/kg SC, IM   4, 8  
Acepromazine 0.1-0.5 mg/kg SC, IM   4, 8  
Diazepam 0.5-3 mg/kg SC, IM   4, 8   
           
ANESTHETICS          
Ketamine 10-60 mg/kg IM  

4, 8

 
Ketamine/Xylazine 10-30/1-6 mg/kg IM   4, 8   
Ketamine/Butorphanol/Xylazine 15/0.2/2 mg/kg IM   3  
Telazol 12-22 mg/kg IM   3  
Propofol 1-8 mg/kg IV   3, 8  
Isoflurane To effect Inhalation      
           
OPIOIDS          
Morphine 0.2-5 mg/kg SC, IM, IV q. 3-4 hrs 3, 8 May vomit, bradycardia and respiratory depression if >0.5 mg/kg
Buprenophine 0.01-0.05 mg/kg SC, IM, IV q. 6-8 hrs 3, 8  
Butorphanol 0.05-0.8 mg/kg  SC, IM, IV q. 1-2 hrs 3, 8  
           
NON-OPIOIDS          
Flunixin 0.3-2 mg/kg PO, SC, IM, IV q. 24 hrs 4, 8  
Ketoprofen 1-3 mg/kg SC, IM, IV, PO q. 24 hrs 3, 8  
Carprofen 1-5 mg/kg SC, IM, IV, PO q. 24 hrs 3, 8  
Meoxicam 0.2 mg/kg  SC, IM, IV, PO q. 24 hrs 3, 8